The V-1 flying bomb (German: Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1"[a])—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug,[b] and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
The V-1 was the first of the so-called "Vengeance weapons" (V-weapons or Vergeltungswaffen) series designed for terror bombing of London. It was developed at Peenemünde Army Research Center in 1939 by the Nazi German Luftwaffe during the Second World War. During initial development it was known by the codename "Cherry Stone". Because of its limited range, the thousands of V-1 missiles launched into England were fired from launch facilities along the French (Pas-de-Calais) and Dutch coasts. The first V-1 was launched at London on 13 June 1944, one week after (and prompted by) the successful Allied landings in Europe. At peak, more than one hundred V-1s a day were fired at south-east England, 9,521 in total, decreasing in number as sites were overrun until October 1944, when the last V-1 site in range of Britain was overrun by Allied forces. After this, the V-1s were directed at the port of Antwerp and other targets in Belgium, with 2,448 V-1s being launched. The attacks stopped only a month before the war in Europe ended, when the last launch site in the Low Countries was overrun on 29 March 1945.
V-1 Flying Bomb.
The V-1 flying bomb was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power. It was the first of the German weapons designed for terror bombing of London.
Because of its limited range, the missiles were fired from the Pas-de-Calais and Dutch coasts. The first V-1 was launched at London one week after (and prompted by) the successful Allied landings in Europe.
At peak, more than one hundred V-1s were fired at south-east England a day, 9,521 in total, decreasing in number until October 1944, when the last V-1 site in range of Britain was overrun by Allied forces.
The British reacted by operating an arrangement of air defences, including anti-aircraft guns and fighter aircraft, to intercept the bombs before they reached their targets as part of Operation Crossbow, while the launch sites and underground V-1 storage depots were targets of strategic bombing.
More WW2 hardware at https://weston-westmoreland.pixels.com/collections/normandy+and+the+wwii
March 28th, 2019
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